On a tiny plot of land to be found between Europe and Russia a variety of people with different roots exist: Moldova’s fate is often associated with the current situation in Crimea nowadays. Here, in fact, expansionist interests of one group clash with those of others, as in the south-eastern region of Ukraine.
A period of the new Cold War opened with Crimea and could continue in other countries where the geopolitical chessboard needs to be played out in order to decide whether to adopt Euro-Atlantic integration or the Russian-Led Customs Union. The Balkanization of Europe, that process of disintegration which started in the Balkans, had also already taken place in Moldova in 1992. Perhaps a little common sense, or the knowledge that the cost in human lives would be too high, led to a quick end of the conflict that has been frozen in time in the autonomous region of Transnistria. A State in all respects, with its own currency (the Transnistrian rouble) and its own government, but not recognized by the UN member states. There thousands of Russian soldiers died to free the territory from the Nazis during the Second World War and even if the old continent stretches on maps until the natural border with the Ural Mountains, delimiting the part of Russia that slopes eastward to Asia, the ethno-linguistic roots of the populations inhabiting those territories belong to the former USSR. The heart of the problem is the land, the language and the heritage, there as in the autonomous region of Gagauzia. Mrs. Vera Semionov can’t cultivate the plot of land she owns because it’s on the Transnistriaside. Police patrol the place night and day and the Russians raised a barricade to prevent her from passing the border between Moldova and Transnistria across a stretch of dirt road. Every day in Doroţcaia about 200 students cross the border to study in their native language, not allowed in Transnistria, where they are obliged to study the Russian language with Cyrillic characters. Eventually this territory summarizes old and new issues regarding a complex alchemy of people divided between East and West, once united under the emblematic symbols of the former USSR.